Agencies

 

 

 

FAO works towards the alleviation of poverty, hunger and strengthening of livelihoods. FAO has a lead role in the coordination and monitoring of humanitarian interventions in the agriculture and livestock sectors. In addition, FAO collects, analyses and disseminates high quality up to date information on food security, nutrition and natural resources.

FAO’s emergency interventions in Somalia aim at prevention, mitigation and response to natural disasters and the impact of conflict. Read more here.

 

ILO is devoted to promoting social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights, pursuing its founding mission that labour peace is essential to prosperity.

In Somalia, ILO contributes to peace and stability through working with Government and social partners to promote rights at work, generate gainful employment opportunities for women and men, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues. Read more here.

 

IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration and to promote international cooperation on migration issues. The organization also works to seek practical and long-lasting solutions to migration problems and provides humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, in areas of origin and transit, including refugees, internally displaced people and other migrants.

IOM also enhances the Somali government's border management capacities, assists in combatting of human trafficking in the region, and supports to build the capacity of Somali institutions by harnessing the skills that are available in the diaspora. Read more here.

 

OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA works to maximise coordination and the impact of resources. It is present in Somalia in all three zones. Read more here.

 

Somalia continues to struggle with the promotion of and respect for human rights; Somali civilians continue to suffer from serious abuses of human rights and international humanitarian law, human rights defenders and journalists are frequently targeted, and the death penalty continues to be applied. The formation of a National Human Rights Commission is delayed.

The incidence of gender-based violence in Somalia remains unacceptably high. The UN’s team of experts on sexual violence visited Somalia in December 2013. The UN is working with the Federal Government, AMISOM and other international partners to implement their important recommendations. In addition, UNSOM has been working closely with the Federal Government and AMISOM to provide training to Somali security forces on human rights, international humanitarian law and refugee law and including child protection. Read more here.

 

UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, is a unique UN Joint Programme and an innovative partnership that leads and inspires the world in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, providing global leadership in the response to the AIDS epidemic. The Somalia UNAIDS Country Office ensures coordination, cohesion and partnerships in the support provided by UN agencies, funds and programmes to the national HIV and AIDS response. UNAIDS has the overall responsibility of providing leadership, advocacy and mutual accountability across the areas of support. Read more here.

 

UNCDF is supporting the development challenges in Somalia through initiatives to improve inclusive service delivery and to increase local government access to financing for infrastructure while enhancing public financial management framework at the local government level.

Within the framework of the UN Joint Programme on Local Governance and Decentralised Service Delivery, UNCDF is maintaining a Local Development Fund (LDF)modality  in mainly Somaliland and Puntland and has also commenced with one district in Federal Government of Somalia territory. The LDF is a discretionary grant system designed to test and prepare ground for an intergovernment  fiscal transfer system to enhance fiscal transfers to local governments for locally prioritized service delivery needs while at the same time enhancing participation and accountabilityl between local and central government structures. Read more here.

 

UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone, empowers lives. UNDP in Somalia focuses on the following key areas: peacebuilding and conflict management, people-centered governance and law, economic recovery and environmental protection, and protecting and empowering women. It carries out its work through two main programmes: Governance and Rule of Law (GROL) and Poverty Reduction and Environmental Protection (PREP). UNDP Somalia also incorporates issues of peace building, institutional capacity building, HIV/AIDS, and gender across all its work. Read more here.

 

 

The Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) is responsible for providing leadership, operational support and oversight of the security management system, ensure the maximum security for staff and eligible dependants as well as enable the safest and most efficient conduct of the programmes and activities of the United Nations System. Read more here.

 

 

UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.

UNEP is the lead agency responsible for identifying and reporting on environmental issues in Somalia. In addition, UNEP provides support to other agencies, particulaly on livelihoods alternatives to charcoal production, and assists in identifying cross-cutting environmental issues relevant to other sectors. Read more here.

 

UNESCO strives to create networks among nations that strengthen their solidarity to build lasting peace. In countries like Somalia, UNESCO achieves these goals by mobilising for education, building inter-cultural understanding, pursuing scientific cooperation and protecting freedom of expression. Read more here.

 

 

 

UNFPA Somalia’s programmatic priorities are centered on the reduction of the very high level of maternal mortality and morbidity in Somalia. To realize this, UNFPA focuses on ensuring that all Somalis have equal access to sexual and reproductive health services (including family planning), reproductive rights and equal opportunities for the youth and women by advocating for human rights, gender equality and youth empowerment.

In a country where gender-based violence is widespread, UNFPA is working towards the promotion of respect for human rights and women’s empowerment, prevention of conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence, including the provision of Women’s Protection advisors and strengthening Somalia’s justice institutions and ensuring accountability in particular with respect to crimes committed towards women and children.

In an effort to generate reliable population estimates and socioeconomic data to be used for planning, as well as policy formulation and decision-making for Somalia; UNFPA in partnership with Somali authorities and the international community is at its final stage of the Population estimation survey of Somalia. Read more here.

 

UN-HABITAT is the United Nations agency for human settlements. It is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.

UN-HABITAT has been active in the Somali urban sector for more than 25 years. Project activities have evolved from targeting immediate local needs to more systematic attempts to address sustainable urban development through integrated human settlement programmes. While UNHABITAT is active in all Somali regions, there is a renewed focus on Mogadishu with presently two programmes running.

UN-HABITAT is currently active in the following fields: shelter for IDPs and returnees, strengthening governance, service delivery and reconstruction. Examples of current programmes are the port roads and infrastructure upgrading in Bossasso or the urban water supply upgrading project in Hargeysa. UNHABITAT also works towards sustainable employment creation and improved livelihoods for vulnerable urban communities. Read more here.

 

UNHCR's strategy in Somalia continues to shift from providing care and maintenance to searching for durable solutions for people of concern. Activities will focus on the return of IDPs and refugees to their areas of origin, while taking advantage of further local integration potential in the identified regions.

UNHCR has initiated the implementation of reintegration activities through community-based projects benefitting both returnees and host communities, and the provision of shelter and livelihood opportunities in coordination with other partners in the areas of water, sanitation and hygiene, health, sexual and gender-based violence prevention and response, as well as education. Read more here.

 

UNICEF has been in Somalia since 1972, working to improve the situation of women and children, and has developed a nation-wide network of partnerships with both international and national Non-Governmental Organizations and Community Based Organizations to deliver programmes and services in the areas of water, education, health, nutrition and child protection.

The UNICEF operations encompasses emergency response as well as early recovery and development. The programme is implemented and monitored through the presence of about 300 staff based inside Somalia including in Mogadishu, Garowe, Hargeisa, Baidoa and Galkayo. Read more here.

 

 

UNMAS serves as the UN focal point for explosive management and to support the UN's vision of a world free! of the threat of landmines unexploded ordnance, unsafe weapons and ammunition, and improvised explosive devices where individuals and communities live in a safe environment conducive to development, and where explosive hazard survivors are fully integrated into their societies.

UNMAS collaborates with other partners to ensure an effective, proactive and coordinated response to the problem of explosive hazards. Read more here.

 

UNODC is one of the global leaders in the fight against illicit drugs and international crimes. Activities linked to Maritime Crime focus on fair and efficient trials and imprisonment in regional centers and humane and secure imprisonment in Somalia. UNODC is assisting Somalia with the upgrading of prisons and courts with the aim of ensuring that Somali pirates convicted in other countries can serve their sentences in their home country. In Somaliland,  further activities  focus on capacity building in key justice sector institutions including support to the Ministry of Justice and the Office of the Attorney-General, drafting of a Legal Aid Act and Sentencing guidelines for Judges, and developing comprehensive training course for the police. In addition, it has been working together with all the National Stakeholders in the criminal justice sector to develop the litigants’ Charter Advocacy Campaign. The Charter describes what Somalilanders should expect when they engage with the judiciary, the police, prosecutors, legal aid providers and other justice sector providers. Through the mechanism of the Global Focal Point for Police, Justice and Corrections, UNODC is heavily involved in developing a Rule of Law Flagship Programme for Somalia for the next three years to achieve “delivering as one”. Read more here.

 

The Kenya Operational Hub of UNOPS has project offices in Somaliland, Puntland and South Central. In Somalia, we are engaged in a broad range of projects, physical infrastructure design, implementation and project management, procurement and human resources and financial management. Read more here.

 

The United Nations Support Office for AMISOM (UNSOA) is a field support operation established by the United Nations Security Council resolution 1863 of 16 January 2009 to deliver a logistical support package to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). The support package includes vital life support such as food, water, health and sanitation, and fuel; facilities and engineering; vehicles and other equipment; communications and IT; information support operations; property management; capacity building; movement control; aviation and medical services.

SCR 2036 of 22 February 2012 extended the UN logistical support package to cover COE reimbursement and logistical support to 20 AMISOM civilians. Resolution 2073 (2013) extended the UN logistical support package to an additional 50 AMISOM civilians.

Most recently, SCR 2124 (2013) authorized UNSOA to provide logistical support to up to 22, 126 AMISOM uniformed personnel. Res 2124 also mandated UNSOA to provide targeted non-lethal logistical support to the Somali National Army (SNA), through the provision of food and water, fuel, transport, tents and in theatre medical evacuation.

UNSOA also provides administrative and logistical support to UNSOM, the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary General for the Great Lakes Region (O/SESG-GLR) and the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG).

UNSOA forms part of UNSOM, as per para 20 of Resolution 2093: "[ ...] UNSOA shall be integrated within the framework of the new United Nations Mission, with the head of UNSOA continuing to report to the Department of Field Support on the delivery of the AMISOM logistical support package, and reporting to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on logistical support to the new United Nations Mission and on policy or political questions arising from the functions of UNSOA relevant to the mandate of the new United Nations Mission;"

 

UNSOM’s mandate is primarily to provide policy advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and the African Union Mission in Somalia on peacebuilding and statebuilding in the areas of governance, security sector reform and rule of law, the development of a federal system and coordination of international donor support as spelt out in the New Deal. Its mandate includes activities su! ch as disengagement of combatants, steering partners towards the ratification of a new Somali Constitution in 2015 and paving the way for elections in 2016.

UNSOM’s core role is to act as an enabler, helping to create and galvanise the political and strategic environment in which stabilisation and peacebuilding can proceed. UNSOM supports the Federal Government of Somalia’s agenda of peace, security and nation-building. Read more here.

 

UNV contributes to peace and development by advocating for recognition of volunteers, working with partners to integrate volunteerism into development programming, and mobilizing an increasing number and diversity of volunteers, including experienced UN Volunteers, throughout the world. UNV embraces volunteerism as universal and inclusive, and recognizes volunteerism in its diversity as well as the values that sustain it: free will, commitment, engagement and solidarity. Read more here.

 

UN Women supports capacity and institutional development of gender machineries in Somaliland, Puntland and south and central Somalia. UN Women also works with women networks and local NGOs to support interventions on women’s leadership and economic empowerment and reduce violence against women, working towards the UN goals of greater gender equality and women’s empowerment. Read more here.

 

The World Food Programme (WFP) in Somalia provides support to food insecure individuals through both emergency assistance and longer-term recovery programmes that enhance the resilience of households. The multi-year Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation, is supported by Government and implemented through a wide network of Non-Governmental Organisations. WFP's food assistance programmes include: nutrition which focusses on children and pregnant and lactating mothers; voucher based interventions in areas where security is stable and markets function properly; Food for Work/Assets to allow households to invest in their communities by enhancing infrastructure; and lastly humanitarian assistance to those in severe need. WFP has a presence throughout Somalia where access is possible, and has some 200 staff based inside the country. Critical logistics support is provided to the humanitarian community through the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS), which is managed by WFP Somalia. UNHAS provides over 1,000 passengers a month with secure air transport throughout the country. Read more here.

 

WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. Since 1960, WHO supports the country in implementing health programmes to reduce avoidable loss of life, burden of disease and disability, and to support the Somali health authorities in building a comprehensive, inclusive and equitable health care delivery system.

Despite the country’s complex emergency situation, WHO Somalia has been able to maintain its presence with a main office in Mogadishu, two sub-offices and three field offices. WHO functions with 380 staff, consultants and contractors, including an extensive network of more than 200 trained polio and surveillance personnel all over Somalia.

WHO serves as the technical focal point for all health programmes in Somalia.

As the health agency, WHO works with the Somali health authorities in achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDG) especially 4 and 5, the reduction of maternal and child disease and death and to ensure that its efforts are coordinated.

WHO’s work in health sector development is to support the Somali health authorities in strengthening health systems i.e delivery of health services; health governance and leadership; capacity building of the health workforce; and supporting and promoting research for health.

WHO is the health cluster lead agency in the field of coordination of emergency health interventions in Somalia especially in regions of South and Central Somalia where access is limited for providing humanitarian health assistance. The expansion of partnership and networks linked with local capacity building is an integral part of the health cluster strategy for response to the humanitarian situation. Read more here.

 

As a key element of its own formal process of re-engagement with Somalia, the World Bank has supported the Somalia New Deal process, including the elaboration of a Somali Compact agreed at the Brussels Conference in September 2013, and the establishment of a Somalia Development and Reconstruction Facility (SDRF) for delivery and coordination. The Bank is preparing a portfolio of strategic interventions focused on Peace and Statebuilding Goals 4 & 5: Economic Foundations and Revenue & Services in line with its global poverty reduction mandate. The Bank is currently leading the installation of core Public Finance Management systems as well as the high level policy dialogue on Financial Governance and will soon initiate financing for recurrent cost support in the Federal Government. Read more here.