Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2016/27)

l. Introduction

1 . The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 35 of Security Council resolution 2232 (2015), in which the Council requested me to report every 120 days on the implementation of the resolution, including on the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), and paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2245 (2015), in which the Council requested me to report on the implementation of that resolution, specifically any challenges faced by the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS) in carrying out its mandate, as part of my regular reporting on Somalia. The report covers major developments during the period from 1 September to 31 December 2015.

II. Political and security overview

A. Political developments

2 . The reporting period saw continued progress towards the building of a federal State in Somalia, including the development of the framework necessary for a political transition in 2016. Somali stakeholders launched a broadly inclusive consultative process to determine the most appropriate and feasible electoral model to be implemented in 2016. The National Consultative Forum convened in Mogadishu on 19 and 20 October, and the meeting was followed by public consultations in each of Somalia’s emerging federal states as well as in the Banadir, Hiraan and Shabelle Dhexe regions, on 16 and 17 November, and for “Somalilanders” and Somalis in the diaspora on 22 November and 5 December, respectively. Women, youth, civil society representatives and minority groups were active participants in the consultations and the Forum.

3 . While acknowledging that “one person, one vote” elections would not be possible in 2016, the Forum adopted the Mogadishu Declaration on 16 December, in which it reiterated that there should be no extension of constitutionally mandated term limits and outlined a number of key principles and actions to be taken in relation to the 2016 electoral model. It was also agreed that Somali leaders would reconvene and endorse a detailed electoral model and implementation plan and a political road map for the period from 2016 to 2020 by 10 January 2016.