A New Deal for Somalia

An elderly man stands at a livestock market in Somalia. An elderly man stands at a livestock market in Somalia. Credit: UN photo

For too long, Somalia has been the epitome of a ‘failed state.’ Decades of civil war and anarchy have reduced the major cities to ruins and destroyed just about all public institutions. The resulting chaos and lack of a functional government mean the challenges it faces are complex and multiple. How do we make sure that the aid coming to Somalia is used effectively and for the priorities of its people? What is the path from a failed state to a stable and prosperous one?


The “New Deal” is exactly that: a new approach to support fragile states that are trying to recover from conflict and rebuild their societies, their institutions, and their
government. The New Deal for Somalia was endorsed at the Brussels Conference on 16 September 2013. The New Deal movement goes back to an initiative taken at the
fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness held in November 2011 in Busan, Korea, where the g7+3 group of 19 fragile and conflict-affected countries, development partners, and international organizations came up with a concept tailored to build peaceful states and societies out of the challenging situation in fragile contexts.

 

New DealA young boy near the fish market in Mogadishu. Credit: UN photo

Recognising the need for a shift in how international assistance is managed, the Somali Federal Government, together with its international partners, decided to adopt the New Deal in order to improve its ability to govern and make development more responsive to the needs and concerns of its citizens. This approach emphasizes strengthening national capacities, ensuring the transition is Somali-owned and Somali-led to the greatest extent possible, improving transparency and accountability and building mutual trust among partners.


At the heart of Somalia’s New Deal is the Compact, which as an action plan for the next three years, articulates the country’s priorities for 2014–2016 – on which all actors involved, including the United Nations, should focus. It revolves around five Peace and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs) designed to deliver inclusive politics, improved security, greater justice, strong foundations for economic recovery, and long-term systems to generate Somali revenue and services. The Compact lays the foundation for building reliable, transparent, accountable and functioning state institutions, respectful of the fundamental rights, freedoms and equality of its citizens.

 

How Funding Works

New Deal 2A young man plays basketball in Mogadishu. Credit: UN photo

To address challenges faced in delivering aid, and achieve effective and transparent results on the ground, the Somali Compact outlines a unique financing and coordination architecture, known as the Somali Development and Reconstruction Facility (SDRF), which governs four different international funds for Somalia: the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF), World Bank Multi-Partner Fund, the African Development Bank Fund (AfDB), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

 

To learn more about the MPTF and the programmes it funds, go to:

UN MPTF